Showing: 1 - 10 of 13 RESULTS
Blackjack Popularity

Basics of Online Gambling in Casino

Online gambling in casino involves wagering on casino games using a computer or mobile device. It has become a popular pastime for many people, and is available in many countries around the world. It can be a fun and exciting way to spend your time, but it is important to gamble responsibly and within your financial means. In addition, online casinos offer a variety of promotions to attract new players, including free spins, bets, and other bonuses. Moreover, the security measures taken by online casinos ensure that the personal information of customers is protected from hackers and other malicious actors.

Gambling can affect your mental health and can lead to addiction if not controlled properly. It can cause feelings of anger, depression, anxiety, and guilt. In order to control your gambling habit, you need to learn to identify and avoid triggers. This may involve avoiding certain websites, activities, or people who encourage gambling behavior. You should also find healthy ways to spend your time, such as exercising, taking a walk, or reading. You can also use a gambling diary to track your progress and help you keep track of your expenditures.

The legality of gambling online varies by state and country, but most sites provide safe and secure environments with fair games. Most also allow players to set loss limits and self-exclude, which helps them maintain responsible gambling habits. Moreover, reputable gambling sites follow strict regulations and are subject to regular audits. In addition, they use random number generators (RNGs) to create the most realistic gambling environment possible.

To start gambling 马来西亚online casino, you should first register at an online casino website. This will typically require you to provide some personal information, such as your name, address, and date of birth. You can also choose a username and password to access your account. Then, you can navigate to your chosen game and begin playing. Many online casinos also have live chat support, which is helpful if you have any questions or problems while gambling.

Online casinos are regulated by the government and must adhere to certain rules and regulations. They must also display their licensing details on their websites. Additionally, they must be licensed and regulated by an international gambling authority. This ensures that they meet the highest standards of fairness and honesty. In addition, they must be secure and use encryption technology to protect their customer data.

Another challenge faced by online casinos is money laundering. This is because these casinos are often used as a conduit for illegal cash payments. This can lead to serious problems for the operators and customers, especially if they are not careful enough. To combat this, they must implement a variety of policies, such as ensuring that all transactions are genuine and that the casino has the necessary paperwork to prove it.

The legality of online gambling varies by state and country, but most states have a licensing system in place to regulate this industry. In the US, the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act of 2006 restricts the ability of banks and other payment processors to process payments for online gambling sites that are illegal in any jurisdiction.

Blackjack Popularity

Bet Live Casino Online

Live casino is a new form of online gambling where you can play in real-time with a
dealer and other players. You can make a variety of bets, from color and number in
roulette to betting on the player or banker in baccarat game slot online. These games offer a high
payback percentage, and many players consider them to be more exciting than
slots. They also allow you to interact with other players and dealers, giving them a
more authentic feel than other casino games.

Bet Live Casino Review - Ibeis
To play live casino online, log into your account and click on the Live Dealer tab.
Then, browse through the available games and find one that fits your budget and
style. Once you’ve found a game online slot game malaysia, select it and enter the amount of money you want

to bet with. When you win, the software pays out your winnings automatically. Once
you’re done playing, you can leave the table or return to the main screen to choose
another game.
In order to enjoy the full experience of live casino online, you should make sure that
your internet connection is stable. Otherwise, you might not be able to see the video
feed or place your bets. Some online casinos have dedicated servers for their live
dealer games, while others use a hybrid solution. In either case, you should try to
find a site that offers the best service and performance.
The best live casino sites have a range of banking options and support channels.
They accept a wide variety of currencies, and some even offer the option to deposit
and withdraw using cryptocurrency. They also have mobile-friendly websites and
offer a wide selection of casino games. The best live casinos are licensed by a
reputable authority, and they have robust security measures in place to protect your
personal information and data.

How to Play Safely at Online Casinos? - NetSci-X
When choosing a live casino, it’s important to check out its license and customer
reviews. Make sure that it uses secure connections and encrypted servers to protect
your financial information. It’s also a good idea to set a loss limit and stick to it. You
should also make sure that you don’t mix your gambling funds with your regular
household expenses.
If you are a US citizen, bet live casino online can be an exciting way to enjoy the
thrills of a real-life casino without leaving your home. All you need is a reliable
Internet connection and a computer or smartphone with a web browser. Most live
casinos will require you to create a username and password, submit a photo ID, and
agree to terms and conditions before you can start playing. Some will also ask you to
provide a security question and answer.
Whether you’re looking for the next big jackpot or just want to enjoy the excitement
of being in a real casino, 10bet Live Casino has what you need. This immersive
experience features world-class live casino games from Evolution Gaming, the
leading live casino provider. The games are streamed from a studio in Las Vegas and
feature professional dealers.

Blackjack Popularity

Online Betting in Casino

Online Betting in Casino
Online betting in casino is a popular pastime for sports fans around the world. It
allows you to place wagers on events like the World Cup, the Ashes and the UFC in
an atmosphere of excitement and anticipation happy88 wallet. You can also bet on some of the
biggest eSports tournaments, including League of Legends and Counter-Strike:
Global Offensive.

Online Casino Table Games vs. Traditional Versions
The iGaming industry is huge, and it’s constantly growing as new technologies come
along. Some states have even begun to regulate the market. This means that
players can be sure that their bets are being properly placed, and that the games
they’re playing are fair. There are also a number of online casinos that offer
different types of table games and video poker, as well as a variety of slots.
Some of the top online gambling sites include BetOnline and Bovada. Both of these
operators offer attractive welcome bonuses for new customers. For example,
BetOnline offers a bonus of up to $3,000 for new depositors using fiat banking and
up to $3,750 for crypto deposits. Both of these sites offer a wide range of real
money games as well. In addition to the standard casino games, you can also bet on
sports and horse races from these websites.
Despite being the largest gambling jurisdiction in the world, the US is actually quite
behind when it comes to legalizing online gambling. While many states have offered
legal online sports betting for years, we’re finally starting to see more and more
states legalizing other forms of gaming. This includes regulated online casino games,
daily fantasy sports and lottery games.

5 Great Online Casino Games for Beginners
In addition to regulating the gambling industry, the US government has also
established various legal protections for players. These include the Unlawful Internet
Gambling Enforcement Act (UIGEA) and the Wire Act of 1961. The UIGEA is designed
to prevent financial institutions from processing transactions for unauthorized
gambling sites. The Wire Act is intended to protect against mafia-style organized
crime groups that run sports betting operations across state lines.
While there are a few low quality casinos that may cheat you out of your hard
earned cash, most legitimate online gambling sites have strict rules and regulations
in place to ensure that their games are fair. You can also expect these sites to abide
by KYC laws and have proper payout policies in place. These are all key factors to
look for when selecting an online casino to play at.

Blackjack Popularity

Casino Credit – Is it For You?

Casino Credit – Is it For You?
If you have poor credit online casino sg, you can still get a casino credit line. This service is available
for free and can help you request chips at the table. You may have to submit
updated credit checks and bank verification before the casino will renew your casino
credit line. If you are interested in this service, be sure to read this article.

How To Apply For Casino Credit
This service is available at ilani resorts
Ilani resorts is a casino that is operated by the Cowlitz Indian Tribe near La Center,
Washington. It opened on April 24, 2017 after a lengthy legal battle. The resort
features a casino 711kelab login, a spa, and dining. The resort offers casino credit that can be used
to play slots and table games.
The ilani casino resort will offer nearly three thousand slots that range in
denominations from penny slots to five-dollar machines. However, you may not use
another guest’s ticket to play. This is against Washington State law. You can also
buy gift cards from Player Services to be used for dining and shopping. However,
gift cards cannot be used for gaming.
It is available to players with poor credit
If you have bad credit, you may be interested in learning more about casino credit.
Casino credit is a type of line of credit provided to players, which works by allowing
them to borrow money from the casino. Once they are approved, the money is
available to them for use at the table. They can then pay it back within a specified
time frame. As long as they are responsible, there are no penalties or fees
associated with casino credit.
Casino credit is a great way to play without carrying cash. It gives players access to
a line of credit that doesn’t have any fees and is interest-free. All players can apply
for it and they only need to present a check or information on their checking
account. In addition, casino credit eliminates the need for players to carry cash and
avoid ATM fees.
It is free
Casino credit is free money that can be used at online casinos to boost your
bankroll. It is a great option for new players because you can use it to try out games
without having to risk your own money. You can also use it to make purchases in the
casino. However, you should be aware of the risks associated with casino credit.
Here are some of the most important things to keep in mind when deciding whether
or not to use this type of money.
First, you should check whether you qualify for casino credit. Some casinos require
you to have a checking account. The reason for this is that you need to make sure
that you’re over 18 years old and employed before you can apply.
It is not reported to Experian, TransUnion or

While your gambling gains and losses will not appear on your credit report, they will
affect your credit score indirectly. This is because gambling doesn’t report to the
major credit bureaus. Nevertheless, you should still be aware that missed payments
and accounts in default can affect your credit score in indirect ways.
However, there are a few things you should be aware of when applying for credit
from a casino. The first is the potential for interest and fees. Typically, the fees for
cash advances range from 3% to 5% of the amount. These fees can snowball,
causing you to end up paying more than you originally borrowed. You should also
know that some casinos will grant lines of credit to gamblers. However, be aware
that applying for a line of credit will trigger a hard inquiry on your credit report,
which could lower your score temporarily. Moreover, a casino will not report your
past-due payments to consumer credit bureaus.

Blackjack Popularity

What You Need to Know About Online Gambling

What You Need to Know About Online
Online gambling can be a fun way to spend your evenings or weekends, without
having to make the long trip to a physical casino. Most casino sites are easily
accessible through the Internet. All you need to do is type in the URL of the site to
get started. Once you get to the website winclub88, you can choose from a variety of games
and determine how much you want to spend. The only limit is your own imagination,
and the possibility of winning a fortune is very tempting.

What You Need to Know About Online Gambling - OFTI.ORG
Legality of online gambling in the U.S.
While legality of online gambling is a matter of personal choice, it is important to
understand that state and country laws vary significantly. While some countries
have no law prohibiting online gambling, others have strict regulations. States also
vary in their laws regarding the use of cryptocurrency. Whether or not online
gambling is legal depends on the state you live in and the type of gambling you are
doing. The risks of being arrested for playing online gambling games vary widely.
Some states, like New Jersey, have made gambling legal. While the state has been
an established gambling destination for decades, the Division of Gaming
Enforcement is responsible for overseeing all forms of gaming. For instance, sports
betting and casino gambling are legal in New Jersey. Unlike New Jersey, however,
you cannot bet on collegiate sports. Therefore, it is advisable to seek local laws
before wagering online. Listed below are the states where gambling is legal.
Games offered at online casinos
There are various types of games that are offered at online casinos. Web-based
casinos use plugins for browsers and are best suited for high-speed internet

connections. Some offer Macromedia Flash or Shockwave technology. These web-
based casinos have a variety of games for players to enjoy, including classic casino

games like blackjack and roulette. In addition, many online casinos offer mobile
gaming. Here are some of the most popular games offered at online casinos:
While most online casinos offer a variety of games, there are some that are difficult
to play. These include games that are difficult for beginners. The games are mostly
based on luck, and some require more skill than others. Some games have intricate
rules and variations that may be confusing for new players. The most important
thing to remember is that the online casinos are much safer than brick-and-mortar
establishments. Most of them also offer bonuses for players.

How to Overcome Your Addiction to Online Gambling -
Funding and withdrawing from accounts
One of the most important aspects of gambling online is funding and withdrawing
from your account. While this may seem like an intimidating task, it doesn’t have to
be. Most online casinos have made the process as simple as possible. You may find
one method more convenient than another based on your specific needs. For
example, if you’re not using a credit card, you may want to consider making a
deposit using a debit card. A similar process applies if you’re using a wire transfer.

This method is the most common way to make a deposit at an online casino. The
transaction is usually immediate, but you may have to wait a day or two for the
money to be credited to your account.
Depending on the casino, you can deposit money using any major credit card.
However, some websites require the use of a MasterCard for deposits. Other options
for funding and withdrawing your account include bank wire transfers and courier
cheques. When you’re using one of these methods, you should first ensure that the
casino is officially registered and offers them. After that, you can choose the banking
method that fits your needs.
Ways to win big at online casinos
Online casinos offer a variety of games. There are several ways to increase your
chances of winning big without spending a fortune. One way to improve your odds is
to play with a smaller amount of money and bet more often. For instance, instead of
placing a single bet of $100, try betting $2 on each spin. Place these bets 50 times
in a row. This will greatly increase your chances of winning.
There are also frequent promotions at online casinos. These promotions change
daily, so check the site regularly to see what offers are available. It is also important
to read the terms and conditions of any bonus you are given so you can make the
most of it. There is always a chance that you may win even if you are not the best
player. Make sure you choose the right game, and don’t be afraid to try something

Blackjack Popularity

Is Sports Betting at a Betting Casino Legal?

Is Sports Betting at a Betting Casino Legal?
Many individuals wonder whether sports betting at a betting casino is legal in Connecticut. Here
are the facts ewallet casino malaysia. The MMCT’s off-reservation location may hurt Connecticut bettors. Listed below
are the ways to bet at a betting casino. You can also check out our article about how to bet on
Craps. We also cover the legality of sports betting in Connecticut. In this article, we’ll discuss the
betting strategies you should be using at the casino.

States Are Pushing to Keep Federal Regulation Out of Sports Gambling - The  New York Times
MMCT’s off-reservation location could hurt Connecticut
An off-reservation casino could hurt bettors in Connecticut myjdl688, especially if MMCT’s location in East
Windsor is not considered tribal land. The tribes were surprised when the Interior Department
withheld approval of the casino project. Besides, the state has 3.5 million residents, and many of
them are sports fans. In Connecticut, there’s a lot to bet on.
Legality of sports betting in Connecticut
In Connecticut, sports betting is regulated by the Department of Consumer Protection. Gambling
with a bookmaker is illegal, while gambling with friends or co-workers is not a crime. However,
sports betting sites can be legal in Connecticut if they are operated by a licensed gambling
company. There are currently several legal sports betting options in Connecticut, including
sports betting online. Read on to learn more about these opportunities. The state also has a
growing online sports betting industry, with more than a dozen different sites.

Inside Gaming: Sports Betting Up Big in Pennsylvania, New Jersey | PokerNews
Methods of betting at a betting casino
There are different methods of betting at a betting casino. Most of the betting methods start with
a base unit. The base is a very small percentage of your bankroll. In the gambling world, this
would be 2% or 5%. For instance, if you had $200 bankroll, you would start out with a $5 betting
unit. If you win a bet, you would double that base unit, and so on. The Paroli method stops
increasing the base unit after three consecutive losses and reverts to one.
Craps bets
When deciding on the number of dice to be rolled in a game of craps, it is important to know
what you’re doing. The rules of the game are simple: place a bet on the Pass line before the
shooter begins rolling the dice, place a bet on the Don’t Pass line after the shooter has begun
rolling, or make a bet on Come after the point has been established. A player may also increase
or decrease his bet before the point is established.
Pass line and come bets
A common mistake made by bettors is placing bets on the come out roll when the odds are
favorable. If the come out roll is rolled, odds bettors will lose. However, they will win if the come

out roll is rolled before the come point. This is known as “taking odds” and complements the
Pass Line and Don’t Pass bets. However, many bettors do not realize that free odds can be
used in conjunction with pass line and come bets.
Card counting
Many experienced blackjack players use a method known as card counting to increase their
winnings. There are several “counts” or “systems” of card counting, and many of them have
been named after famous gamblers. The 2008 movie “21” brought card counting to public
attention and highlighted the biggest challenge facing card counters. If a casino suspects a
player of card counting, they will often ban them and prevent them from entering the game.

Blackjack Popularity

What Are the Different Types of Online Casino Games?

What Are the Different Types of Online
Casino Games?
There are several different types of online casino games. There are website-based games,
which are similar to slots, while download-free games require a download. Website-based
games require a player to log into their account 新加坡网上投注, visit the games page, and play. They do not
require a download of software. They use browser plug-ins to represent the game. The latter is
preferred for high-stakes players who want to be rewarded with additional perks.

Important Rules For Online Gambling -
Pai Gow is one of the most popular games in the U.S. online casino market. It can be easily
played on a laptop, and the house edge isn’t too high 新加坡合法网上赌场. You should be careful about bonus
payouts, though. Baccarat is a simple game that is very popular with deep pockets and budget
players alike. This game is widely available in most online casinos, and it offers great value for
money. If you can’t afford a live dealer game, you can play online.
If you’re interested in playing casino games online, it’s important to find a site with a variety of
games. If you want to try a game, you should make sure the casino has a reputation for being
fair. Look for software with a low house edge. If you’re looking for an affordable game, you
should try Pai Gow. The house edge isn’t as high as you might think, but it’s still worth checking

Online Gambling Rules That Everyone Should Follow by Heart – Film Daily
You can find many different types of online casino games in the United States. Most of these
websites offer a variety of games, so you’ll be sure to find one that’s right for you. In addition to
slot machines, there are many other types of online casino games, including blackjack. If you’re
not sure how to play blackjack, you should sign up for newsletters. They’ll send you notifications
of new games or bonuses. Some sites even have a mobile app for their gaming platform.
Most online casino games also have detailed instructions on how to play. Once you’ve chosen
which ones you want to play, you should subscribe to their newsletters or text messages. This
way, you can stay updated on the latest trends and promotions that are available. You should
also sign up for free demos to try out new games. There are no restrictions on how many times
you can try out a game to get the most experience for your money.
You can also subscribe to newsletters for more information on upcoming games and offers.
Many online casinos offer newsletters and updates via text messages. You may want to sign up
for these, because these are the most important ways to stay informed about the latest news on
your favorite gambling sites. You can even subscribe to your local newspaper to receive updates
on the latest online casino games. There’s no better way to keep up with the latest trends in the
world of online gaming than through the internet.

Blackjack Popularity

Enjoying the Excitement and Fun in Free Online Casino Slot Games

Enjoying the Excitement and Fun in Free
Online Casino Slot Games
Online casinos, also called virtual online casinos, are replicas of actual casinos found in the web.
Through the Internet, gamblers can play and wager upon online casino games. This is a very
expansive form of online gambling. There are various online casinos that offer different types of
casino games. These include bingo, blackjack, poker, roulette, craps, slot machines, keno online casino Malaysia and
other casino games. There are many online sites that allow you to play online casino games for
Online Slots Is the Greatest - Guam Ko Ko Road Race
There are several benefits of playing online casino games. In the past, people had to travel to
land-based casinos to play their favorite real money games. Nowadays, they have the
convenience of playing their favorite casino game from the comfort of their own home.
Moreover malaysia trusted online casino, they do not need to worry about traveling expenses since they can play their favorite
online casino games from the comforts of their own homes. Aside from this, playing online
casino games has also been proven as safe because there is no fear of getting involved in any
kind of gambling.
One of the reasons why online casino games have become popular is because the online casino
game developers have implemented exciting features in these games that make them more
appealing. One of these is the implementation of “microgaming.” With microgaming, players get
to experience the thrill of winning very small amounts of money. Microgaming has been very
popular with the casino game developers because it is one way that they could increase the
amount of money that they earn from their online casino games.
Another reason why online casinos have become popular is because the online casinos offer

progressive jackpots. If you play on a progressive jackpot, you will never have to spend real
money in playing these online casinos because your winnings would be automatically converted
into cash. However, this does not mean that you will never have to spend any money in playing
these online casinos. The developers of these online casinos have included a variety of features
in these online casinos that will require money to be spent. For example, you might be tempted
to click on “buy” or “play” without thinking whether you actually have to buy something or not.
These types of things should always be carefully considered before you start playing any online
casino games.

Casinos want to add skill to slot machines | The Economist

Another reason why online casino games have become very popular is because of the free in-
game promotions. Free online casino games usually come in the form of signup bonuses or free

casino entries for new players. When you sign up as a new player, you will receive a certain
amount of free casino credits that you can use to buy in-game items or wagers. These free
credits or in-game bonuses are usually provided to you once you register with an online casino
site. You do not have to keep track of how many free casino entries you have made or whether
or not these free entries came from real money wagering or play money gambling. As long as
you have not exceeded the maximum number of free entries allowed for each game, you will
continue to receive free in-game money.
Many people think that online casinos are all about luck and chance. However, you can always
count on playing your favorite casino games by learning how to manage your bankroll. If you
want to win in these casino slot games or other gaming games, you must know how to manage
your bankroll. There are a lot of ways to manage your bankroll so that you will not lose control
over your gaming expenses. You should also learn how to read the gaming information posted in
the bonus area of the online casino so that you will not be distracted by the graphics and
advertising messages all over the casino site. If you keep these things in mind, you will definitely
be able to enjoy the fun and excitement offered by these online gambling sites.

Blackjack Popularity

Download Casino Games Without Spending a Dime

Download Casino Games Without Spending
a Dime
What is the best way to download casino games? That is a question that many people ask as
they look at their options when it comes to downloading casino games 12 Joker. If you are someone who
has downloaded casino games before, you may find this question a little bit irrelevant. However,
if you are a neophyte, and you want to download casino games to your computer, you need to
be aware of the pros and cons of this option. In the next paragraphs, we will look at both the
pros and cons of downloading a game.
Top 4 Reasons Why Playing Slots Online Is So Popular – Essentially Pop

The first thing you need to know is that most casinos offer free downloads of their games. The
word “free” tells you right away that the download is simply a matter of entering your contact
details and the game will be given to you for free. So what is the best way to download casino
For the most part, you need to have a good internet connection in order to download casino
games without any problems. Good internet connections are usually supported by either a
broadband or a dial-up service. Dial-up services are notoriously slow when it comes to download
speeds. Therefore, if you do not have a high speed internet connection, it may not be possible to
download casino software for free.

What Time Is Better To Play Online Casinos | Is there a difference in recoil
It is also important to make sure that your computer has the right system requirements for the
casinos. This system requirements refer to the software that is required to run the various
games on your computer. The reason why you need to make sure that your computer meets the
system requirements is because some slots require specific features that your computer must
possess in order to run the game. For instance, a slot that requires Internet access is more
difficult to play than one that does not. In addition to this, your Internet service provider will
usually provide you with the system requirements along with the casinos themselves.
There are several sites on the internet that allow gamers to download casino games for free.
However, you need to be very careful about these websites. Most of these websites offer the
software for free but then ask for payment in the form of registration fee after you have
successfully made it to the download casino. Hence, you should be very careful about websites
that ask for payment before you can download the software.
If you want to download casino games without spending any money, you should go for the sites
that offer no money down bonuses. This is one way of obtaining bonuses to play slot games on
your computer. With no money down bonuses, you will not be required to make any kind of
deposit to play. Hence, you will be able to save a lot of money.

Blackjack Popularity

Play Casino Online and Save Money

Play Casino Online and Save Money
Many people ask this question: can you play casino online? The answer is: Yes you can! And
yes, it’s very easy too! And what’s even better is that you don’t need any kind of special skill or
knowledge to play casino games online.
All you need to do is simply look for the best online casinos with their free games and then you’ll
be given a short list of casino slots with their descriptions LVKINGSG. There’s nothing difficult about this and
anybody can play the best online casinos. However, once you play casino online games you’ll
quickly find out that online slots games aren’t that much difficult as there’s not much of brain
thinking involved. And this is good, because when you play casino online you’re not using your
brain, you’re just acting on a set of ‘gut’ feelings.

Important Tips To Win Blackjack Game – georgecaroll
However, when you play casino online the chances of winning are almost zero unless you
happen to find yourself lucky. This means that you just need to play online casinos for fun, for
something to gamble on and to pass time. However, this is where the fun begins as there are
many casino gambling sites now offering free slots, now for people to play casino online. Not all
these free slots are real money games, some are flash based, and others are progressive
jackpots which are increasing in value as you increase your wagering limit.
You can play casino online for free, so why not take advantage of this? It’s really quite simple.
First of all you can cut out the cost of paying for hotel expenses if you play online casino games.
Hotel costs can add up fast when you consider the fact that you may be spending a couple of
thousand dollars a month on accommodation alone. And this does not include food, drink and
other expenses that are associated with a normal hotel stay.

Why You Should Choose Online Gambling - Sports-Index
There are literally thousands of sites offering you the opportunity to play free casino online

games. This gives you the opportunity to search for casinos near you based on your location. So
if you’re living in Chicago, you can find some Chicago casinos. If you’re living in New York, you
can find New York casinos. This gives you a choice, you can play casino online games in Vegas,
Atlantic City or Miami, but if you live in Chicago you can also play casino online and save money.
In fact playing casino games without investing any money at all is one of the simplest ways to
start gambling online. So what are you waiting for? Start by checking out a few online casinos,
find one that you like and then sign up. There is no deposit required and there are no risks
involved. The only risk involved is possibly getting a virus from a dubious casino site. Once you
have learned how to gamble online and how to choose your casino site wisely, you could
become a serious gaming enthusiast.